refinancing pros and cons

Student loan debt keeps rising, and according to the latest findings, new graduates are leaving school with an average of $35,000 in debt, according to The Wall Street Journal. This figure does not even look at the student loans parents took out to help their child's college costs.

No doubt about it, college is expensive. It is common for graduates to find themselves in a financial hard place when it comes to repaying their loans. One popular option to lower monthly student loan costs is refinancing. In many cases, this is a wise financial move. However, before you refinance your loan, take a better look at the pros and cons of refinancing. (For more, read Top Student Loan Providers.)

Student Loan Refinancing: What Is It and Who Is It For?

Student loan refinancing is when a private lender takes on your loan, or loans, and combines them into one loan at a new rate and repayment schedule. When you apply for loan refinancing with a private lender, the private lender is essentially consolidating and refinancing your student loans. Whereas when you consolidate your federal loans with a Direct Consolidation Loan, this only combines your federal loans together without reducing your interest payment.

Student refinancing is an excellent option for individuals with high-interest private loans. If a graduate has a mix of federal and private loans, it is possible just to refinance the private loans. Also, student refinancing is available to parents who have a Direct Plus loan.

Refinancing your loan can lower your monthly loan cost because of two factors. Firstly, the refinance can secure you a better interest rate, which in turn gives you a lower monthly payment and even saves you money on the life of the loan. Many graduates can secure better interest rates because their credit scores have improved since they first applied for a loan. Another way a refinancing saves you money is because it can extend the duration of your loan. If you choose to refinance your 10-year student loan into a 20-year loan, you will see a dramatic cut in your monthly payments.

Con: Pay More in the Long Run

If you are refinancing to lower your interest rate, then you will be saving money. However, if you are refinancing the loan to obtain a longer loan, then be aware that while your monthly payments decrease, the amount of money you pay for the entire loan increases. You can end up paying tens of thousands of dollars more due to accruing interest. (For more, see The 6 Worst Student Loan Mistakes You Can Make.)

Pro: Release a Cosigner from the Loan

Another perk of refinancing your loan is that you might be eligible to refinance the loan on your own. Dropping a cosigner, which is typically your parent or another close family member, releases any extra tension in your relationship. Cosigning for a student loan is a massive undertaking and comes with high risks. Once your cosigner is released from your loan, they will even experience a higher credit score and have the ability to access new lines of credit.

Con: Miss Out on Federal Benefits

It is very unwise to consolidate your federal and private loans together. When you do this, you disqualify your federal student loans for loan forgiveness and cancellation programs. Also, federal loans offer Income-Based Repayment (IBR) and Income-Driven Repayment (IDR) plans that base your monthly payments on how much you make or how much you can afford. Refinancing your federal loan with a private lender takes these repayment plan options off the table. There is a way to consolidate just your federal loans together with a Direct Consolidation Loan, but this might also disqualify you for special repayment of forgiveness plans. (Read also, Student Loans: What to Do When You Can't Repay Them.)

Pro: One Payment

Keeping track of several different student loan payments, on top of many other bills, can be frustrating. Refinancing will consolidate those loans into one. Many private lenders even offer a discount APR if you enroll in automatic payment withdrawal. This option saves you a small amount of money each month, and it helps you never to forget a payment.

Con: Loss of Grace Period

As soon as a new lender approves the refinance, your repayment process begins right away. With many student loans, you can delay payments while you are still in school or when you enter a graduate program. If your current loan has a grace period still intact, wait until that period is over before starting the refinance option.

Pro: Flexible Repayment Terms

When you refinance your loan, you can choose how long you want your loan, as well as if you want a fixed or variable rate. Choosing a variable rate for your student loan can be riskier; since rates can go up anytime, but it can also land you a lower interest rate. The private lender, Earnest, even allows borrowers to switch between a fixed and variable rate without incurring any fees.

Where to Get Your Student Loan Refinance

You can refinance your student loan through many private lenders, including your local bank or credit union. However, the best rates and benefits for refinancing are with Earnest and SoFi. Both lenders offer lower interest rates, flexible terms and perks. Both lenders take a more modern approach at student loan refinancing. For example, Earnest approves individuals for student loan refinancing by looking at several financial and personal points, not just the applicant's credit score and income.

If you feel more comfortable with private lenders that have actual branches/locations, Citizen's Bank offers competitive interest rates, no fees, and APR discounts. With over 1,100 locations, there is a good possibility that there is a location close to you. LendKey is another option to check into. The company offers low-interest student refinance loans that are funded by local community lenders. (See also, 10 Ways Student Debt Can Destroy Your Life.)

The Bottom Line

Refinancing student loans can either benefit you or hurt you financially. If you only have private student loans, then a refinance can help you save money in the long run with a lower interest rate, or it can help you stay afloat financially when your monthly payments are too high. However, if you have federal student loans, it is better to look into the repayment and forgiveness plans available to you before considering refinance.

refinancing pros and cons

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What Are the Pros and Cons of Refinancing Your Mortgage

If you have a mortgage, you know the difficulty of the loan application process. The idea of going through that all over again just to pay for a home remodel, medical bill or other endeavor doesn’t seem tempting. However, emergencies may arise that require you to request funding from a financial institution. One way around applying for a new loan is to refinance the mortgage you already have. But before you jump aboard this idea, you should first go over the pros and cons. You can find the list of the good and the bad about refinance loans to see if it’s right for you.

The Pros of Refinancing Your Mortgage

There are different reasons why people decide to refinance their mortgage. One of the top is to lower their monthly payments for their house note. If you do it at the right time, you can get a lower interest rate. For instance, today, you may be able to find a lower interest rate than what you initially had with your introductory rate. Do the math to see if it’s right for your pockets.

In some cases, refinancing your mortgage can also help to shorten the length of your loan. So you could go from a 30-year term to a 15-year. Others choose to lengthen the loan, further lowering the monthly rates (15-year to 30-year).

Refinancing your loan can be a great thing if you feel your current terms aren’t manageable. You can shop around with different lenders who may be willing to refinance the loan for you. So you’re not stuck with the first financial institution you took out a mortgage with.

Ultimately, when you refinance your mortgage, you have extra money to spend. This can be used to reroof your home, make major renovations, go on a trip to Europe or fund your children’s education. There’s no penalty for using the extra money for whatever you want. This is why a lot of people take this route when they need extra money in the bank. Just make sure to keep track of all your finances using the banking products available at Deluxe.

What Are the Downsides of Refinancing Your Mortgage?

Depending on where you get your refinance loan and the time of year, you may end up with terms worse than what you already have. For instance, your new loan payments may offset any savings you’ve had up until then. The fees associated with loans can add up, making it too expensive to endure. The federal reserve can charge fees anywhere between $1,900 to $3,650, minus any origination fees you have to pay.

Then not everyone is qualified for a refinance loan. If your credit score is average, you could be subjected to a rejection. A lot of banks are very selective about who they approve, so if you don’t have a 720 credit score or higher, then you should reconsider applying for a refinance loan. And if you are approved and decide to pay the loan of quicker, you may have to pay prepayment penalties. You can sometimes have these fees waived.

wiseGEEK: What are the Pros and Cons of Refinancing Investment Property?

The decision to refinance investment property is one that just about any investor who deals with residential or commercial real estate will face from time to time. There are actually a number of good reasons why refinancing investment property can benefit the investor, as well as a few situations that could lead to serious financial issues. One of the main things to keep in mind when thinking about refinancing investment properties is to look beyond the immediate effect and determine if the outcome of the strategy will still look as good several years down the road.

An investor may consider refinancing investment property as a means of organizing debt with a greater degree of efficiency. For example, shifts in interest rates may render what was once an excellent mortgage rate on a particular property less than attractive. This is particularly true when the earlier rate was locked in at a time when there was anticipation that average rates would increase during the course of the mortgage. Should the economy move in a different direction and average fixed mortgage rates fall significantly, refinancing investment property at a lower rate makes it possible to save a great deal of money over the life of the refinanced mortgage, and may even result in lower monthly mortgage payments.

At the same time, refinancing investment property can also result in some negative consequences. This is particularly true when the refinancing is intended to generate revenue that will be used to make improvements to the property. Unless there are very clear indications that the return on the property will remain stable for the duration of the financing, there is some risk of losing money on the deal. This means that if the investment property in question is an apartment complex that is renovated only to find that in a few years the neighborhood has deteriorated and several of the units are standing empty, the investor will likely have a mortgage to pay but not enough income from the complex to make the payment.

As with any type of financing, it is important to consider not only the status of the investment property in today’s economic climate, but also how it will perform in the future. Investors must accurately project what will happen in both the local market and in the economy in general, and decide what impact that will have on the ability of the property to generate revenue. In some cases, refinancing investment property will position the investor to make the most of those upcoming events and earn a higher return. At other times, choosing to refinance the current mortgage could create additional debt that ultimately offsets the revenue stream, leaving the investor with an asset that has lost value and can only be sold off at a loss.